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貴州後勤管理成本推動蔬菜價格剛性上漲

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貴州後勤管理成本推動蔬菜價格剛性上漲

發布日期:2018-01-20 作者:貴州後勤管理 點擊:

貴州後勤管理">貴州後勤管理成本推動蔬菜價格剛性上漲 大中城市自給能力增強近日,國家發改委發布一項調研報告表明:成本因素推動蔬菜價格剛性上漲,天氣和周期性因素易造成蔬菜價格短期波動。

貴州後勤管理

The cost of logistics management in Guizhou has promoted the rigidity of vegetable prices and increased the self-supporting ability of large and medium-sized cities. Recently, the national development and Reform Commission released a research report, which showed that cost factors drive vegetable prices to rise rigidly, and weather and cyclical factors are likely to cause short-term fluctuations in vegetable prices.

貴州後勤管理報告提出,從年度情況看,受人工費、運費、農資等價格持續上漲,蔬菜綜合成本明顯上升,推動價格每年上一個台階。如目前北京新發地市場工人工資已由2011年每天100元漲至150元以上,山東壽光到北京的運費也從2011年4000元/車(28噸)漲至6000—7000元/車。從季節情況看,由於生產向優勢區域集中,當季產區遭遇惡劣天氣減產,易造成供應斷檔;某個產區因氣溫等原因延遲或提前上市,就會與其他產區“碰頭”,易造成滯銷、“賣難”;生薑、大蒜、土豆、洋蔥等根莖類蔬菜一季生產、全年消費,易產生較大的周期性波動。

Guizhou logistics management report put forward that, from the annual situation, the price of labor, freight and agricultural products continued to rise, and the comprehensive cost of vegetables increased significantly, pushing prices up to a higher level every year. Such as the current Beijing xinfade market wages from 2011 to 100 yuan a day rose to more than 150 yuan, Shandong Shouguang freight to Beijing from 2011 4000 yuan / car (28 tons) up to 6000 - 7000 yuan / car. From the season, due to the advantage of centralized production area, seasonal areas in bad weather caused by production, supply; some areas due to temperature and other reasons to delay or advance listing, will meet with other areas, causing slow, difficult to sell; ginger, garlic, potatoes, onions and other root a quarter of vegetable production, annual consumption, easy to produce periodic fluctuation.

貴州後勤管理

Logistics management in Guizhou

報告認為,蔬菜大流通格局日趨成熟,市場自我調節能力逐步增強。近年來,6個蔬菜重點優勢產區加快發展,以批發市場為主體的流通網絡初步構建,產銷銜接水平和冷鏈儲運能力逐漸提高,蔬菜“買全國、賣全國”的大流通格局已經形成。以新發地農產品批發市場為例,每年蔬菜供應來源地曆經由南向北、再由北向南,生產方式由露地向大棚、再由大棚向露地轉換的過程,而山東、河北等傳統產地目前市場份額僅為22%和17%,並呈下降趨勢,其他大部分蔬菜來自華中、華南、西南和東北,市場蔬菜品種豐富,品種間調劑餘缺的空間大。

According to the report, the pattern of large circulation of vegetables is becoming more mature, and the self-regulation ability of the market is gradually strengthened. In recent years, 6 key vegetable producing areas have been developing rapidly, and the circulation network with wholesale market as the main body has been initially constructed. The level of production and marketing linkage and the capacity of cold chain storage and transportation have been gradually improved. The big circulation pattern of "buying the whole country and selling the whole country" has been formed. In xinfade agricultural products wholesale market as an example, the annual supply of vegetables after the source from south to north, from north to south, the process of production from field to greenhouse, the greenhouse to open conversion, while Shandong, Hebei and other traditional sources of current market share is only 22% and 17%, and the downward trend, most of the other vegetables from Southern China, central China, southwest and Northeast market, rich variety of vegetables, varieties of regulating their space.


報告認為,大中城市蔬菜自給能力有所增強,政府調控手段得到豐富。一是大中城市政府加大設施蔬菜投入力度,提高自給能力。據農業部統計,今年北方地區日光溫室麵積較去年增加100萬畝,往年冬季需要從南方長途運輸的菠菜、油麥菜、小油菜等綠葉菜,今年由於北方大棚生產上市量翻番,價格明顯低於往年。二是大中城市政府日益重視蔬菜市場調控工作,2011年起實施的北方大城市冬春蔬菜儲備製度對於人口百萬以上大城市政府提出了明確具體的調控要求,對於保障了元旦、春節及異常天氣期間的蔬菜市場供應和價格基本穩定發揮了重要作用。

The report holds that the self-sufficiency of vegetables in large and middle cities has been enhanced and the government's means of regulation are enriched. First, the government of large and medium-sized cities will increase the investment of facilities and vegetables to improve their self-sufficiency. According to the Ministry of agriculture statistics, the northern region this year compared to last year greenhouse area of 1 million acres, in the winter to long-distance transport from the south of spinach, lettuce, rape and other green vegetables, this year listed doubled production in Greenhouse in North, the price is significantly lower than in previous years. Two is the city government pay more attention to regulation of the vegetable market, North City winter vegetables reserve system for the implementation of the 2011 million more than the population of big city government regulation put forward specific demands, played an important role in the protection of the vegetable market supply and stable prices during the Spring Festival and new year's day, the weather is abnormal.


報告建議,要進一步督促各地落實“菜籃子”市長負責製;努力增強信息引導的針對性;繼續降低蔬菜流通成本;貴州後勤管理將切實加大對流通基礎設施的投入力度。

The report recommends that we should further urge all localities to implement the mayor responsibility system of "vegetable basket", strive to enhance pertinence of information guidance, continue to reduce circulation costs of vegetables, and Guizhou logistics management will increase investment in circulation infrastructure.


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